In very simple terms, there are three main asset classes: equities (stocks), fixed-income (bonds), and cash equivalents (money market instruments). And most financial advisors and investors expand upon the Big Three to also include: real estate, commodities, and futures.
But should cryptocurrencies be considered a new asset class altogether? Well, the venerable investment bank Goldman Sachs thinks so. Here is a quick quote from a new research piece published by Goldman:
“Bitcoin is now considered an investable asset. It has its own idiosyncratic risk, partly because it’s still relatively new and going through an adoption phase,” said Goldman Sachs’ global head of digital assets.
“And it doesn’t behave as one would intuitively expect relative to other assets given the analogy to digital gold; to date, it’s tended to be more aligned with risk-on assets. But clients and beyond are largely treating it as a new asset class, which is notable – it’s not often that we get to witness the emergence of a new asset class.”
But just because Goldman Sachs writes something, that doesn’t make it true. Or make it a good idea. So, before you blindly accept Goldman’s research as gospel, please ask yourself three questions.
On Sunday, May 23rd, Bitcoin prices dropped about 15%. Since mid-April of 2021, Bitcoin prices had plummeted by about 50% from a peak of $64,829 to just over $32,000 as of Sunday, before rallying to about $38,000 early Monday morning. With that kind of volatility, Bitcoin has more in common with pink sheet stocks – also known as penny stocks – versus an investment in the stock or bond of a legitimate company.
Now, just because something is volatile, that doesn’t mean it’s not an investment. Lots of investments are volatile and many asset classes are volatile too. But remember, if you invest in a volatile asset or asset class, then your risk profile changes. Assuming you have adjusted your other investments to account for increased volatility in cryptos, ask yourself question number two.
“Everything is worth what its purchaser will pay for it” is a quote from the Roman Writer Publilius Syrus and is a common answer when asked to define worth. But think about that definition for a minute and whether it should apply to investing.
Here is an analogy that borders on hyperbole: I go into my backyard and take a tablespoon of dirt out of the ground and sell it to my neighbor for $1,000. Does that mean that tablespoon of dirt is worth $1,000 because one person paid that? Does that mean my net worth is in the billions because I easily have another thousand tablespoons of dirt? Don’t confuse worth for value.
Bitcoin is backed by nothing and no one. Bitcoin doesn’t create anything. It’s only “worth” what someone else will pay for it. The only hope you have is in convincing other people that it’s worth something, hopefully more than what you paid for it.
Hear the Oracle of Omaha, Warren Buffett:
“If you buy something like bitcoin or some cryptocurrency, you don’t have anything that is producing anything,” Buffett says. “You’re just hoping the next guy pays more. And you only feel you’ll find the next guy to pay more if he thinks he’s going to find someone that’s going to pay more.”
“You aren’t investing when you do that, you’re speculating.”
How does a wise investor avoid falling prey to the lure of “asset euphoria,” as seen with the Bitcoin and the dirt in my backyard? That’s easy, just remember the adage: “If it sounds too good to be true, then it probably is.”
To avoid losing large amounts of money to asset euphoria, the best move is to diversify your holdings. Diversifying your assets among various types of investments and asset classes allows you to get a better risk-adjusted return. You spread the risks around.
Over the long term, you will reap the benefits of many investment sectors, rather than suffer massive losses when a bubble bursts. Your financial advisor is an expert on diversifying your investments by helping you invest wisely in various asset classes.